foto van een jongen

HIV is a virus that weakens your immune system. This will affect your body’s ability to fight off infections and diseases. If not treated with antiretroviral drugs, people with HIV eventually get AIDS. An HIV infection is easy to treat. The sooner you know that you have HIV, the better for your health. 

Difference between HIV and AIDS

After infection, HIV always remains in the body. It is a virus that damages a person’s immune system and can cause AIDS if you don’t get treatment. AIDS is diagnosed when your body can no longer fight off the illnesses that wouldn’t normally be such a problem.

Risks when having sex

  • You can get HIV if you have sex without a condom.
  • Anal sex increases this risk. That’s why HIV is more prevalent in gay and bisexual men & boys.
  • Oral sex (fellatio or cunnilingus) is a risk if you get blood or semen in your mouth.
  • If your mucous membranes are damaged, because of a cut or an STI, the risk of infection is much higher.

PEP after HIV risk

You’re eligible for a PEP treatment if you’ve recently run an HIV risk. Start treatment as soon as possible after risky sex.
jongen slaat arm om andere jongen

PrEP prevents HIV infection

PrEP is medication that protects you from HIV. If you are at high risk of HIV infection, your family doctor or the GGD (municipal health service) can give you a prescription.
jongen slikt PrEP-pil

HIV symptoms

Shortly after you've been infected with HIV, the amount of virus in your body increases. You may have flu-like symptoms such as fever, tiredness and swollen lymph nodes. You may also get diarrhoea or skin rashes. This usually happens 1-6 weeks after infection, but some people don’t notice anything. The symptoms may return later.

Testing for HIV

Having an HIV test is the only way to find out if you have been infected. That is particularly important if you run a higher risk of getting the virus. HIV is found more often among gay and bisexual men and people from certain population groups. If you are at increased risk of infection, it is advisable to get yourself testing regularly.

Have you taken risks? Or do you have symptoms that could indicate HIV? Go to your doctor or a GGD health centre.

HIV testing during pregnancy

Women are always offered an HIV test during pregnancy. That is because a pregnant woman with HIV can pass the virus on to her baby if she doesn’t get treatment. This can happen during the delivery or while breast feeding. HIV treatment prevents mothers passing HIV on to their babies. 

HIV treatment

The sooner you find out you have HIV, the sooner you can start treatment. Treatment consists of antiretroviral drugs that you must take every day. That is good for your own health and that of your partner. Successful HIV treatment drastically decreases the amount of virus in your blood. Your immune system will stay healthy and it is unlikely that you will pass HIV on to someone else.


If someone is on effective HIV treatment, the amount of virus in their blood is reduced so much that it can no longer be detected. And they can’t pass it on. That’s why people say: Undetectable = Untransmissible.